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Career & Technology High School
Physical Fitness
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Houston
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  • Welcome to the home of the CTHS Physical Fitness Program
  • This page is currently under construction. Please check back as new information will be added soon.
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Welcome to the Career & Technology High School
Physical Fitness Website


  This webpage has been designed to help parents and community members keep updated on the happenings of their child's Physical Education class.  While there is no substitute for being present in class the information presented will allow for you and your child to see that physical education is not just throwing out the ball anymore.   Please use this website and its content as a secondary means to see what is being taught to your child in physical education class.  The best way to find out about your child's day in physical education class (and school in general) is to talk to them about their day and give them some of your time to hear about what is important to them.  Your child's future may depend on it. 

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5 Components of Fitness

The 5 Components of Fitness and the Principles of Fitness are needed to live a healthy and physically fit lifestyle.  During the school year we will be talking to the students about how they relate to the activities that we do in Physical Education class and other activities that they may do outside of school and in the community. With a growing problem of obesity in the United States, it is important for our students to know that a healthy body and educated mind are needed if we are to change our society.

1. Cardiorespiratory Endurance
The ability to do moderately strenuous activity over a period of time. It reflects how well your heart and lungs work together to supply oxygen to your body during exertion and exercise. Also called aerobic fitness.

2. Muscular Endurance
The ability to hold a particular position for a sustained period of time or repeat a movement many times.

3. Muscular Strength
The ability to exert maximum force, such as lifting the heaviest weight you can budge, one time.

4. Flexibility
The ability to move a joint through its full range of motion; the elasticity of the muscle. This is how limber you are.

5. Body Composition
The proportion of fat in your body compared to your bone and muscle.  It does not refer to your weight in pounds or your "figure-type."


  

Principles of Exercise

The principles of exercise apply to everyone at all levels of physical training, from the Olympic-caliber  athlete to the weekend jogger.

Regularity

To achieve a training effect, you should exercise often. You should exercise each of the first four fitness components at least three times a week. Infrequent exercise can do more harm than good. Regularity is also important in resting, sleeping, and following a sensible diet.

Progression

The intensity (how hard) and/or duration (how long) of exercise must gradually increase to improve the level of fitness.

Balance

To be effective, a program should include activities that address all the fitness components.

Variety

Providing a variety of activities reduces boredom and increases motivation and progress.

Specificity

Training must be geared toward specific goals. For example, people become better runners if their training emphasizes running.

Recovery

A hard day of training for a given component of fitness should be followed by an easier training day or rest day for that component and/or muscle group(s) to help permit recovery.

Overload

The work load of each exercise session must exceed the normal demands placed on the body in order to bring about a training effect.

 





 


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